Free + Easy to edit + Professional + Lots backgrounds. 3. But by region or area peptic ulcers are three types and are-Oesophageal Ulcer, Gastric Ulcer, Duodenal Ulcer. There are various risk factors for the development of peptic ulcer disease, but the most important ones are Helicobacter pylori infection and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). An ulcer in the stomach is called a gastric ulcer, while one in the first part of the intestines is a duodenal ulcer. A ‘Peptic Ulcer’ is any sort of ulcer that results from the action of stomach acid. Barnard ; Dept. 5. - Blood supply. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a break in the inner lining of the stomach, the first part of the small intestine, or sometimes the lower esophagus. Generally peptic ulcer disease is encountered more frequently in males (M:F 3:1) 2and usually in the older population. Read Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Psychosocial Assessment and Treatment | eBook... No public clipboards found for this slide. A peptic ulcer is an excavation that forms in the mucosal wall of the stomach, in the pylorus, in the duodenum, or in the esophagus. - Blood supply. It may also occur in esophagus, pyloric channel, duodenal loop, jejunum, and Meckel’s diverticulum. Aims: Both types are referred to as peptic ulcers. Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing upper GI endoscopy (n = 1527) received a questionnaire consisting 23 questions related to the upper abdomen. Gastric ulcer: It occurs in stomach particularly in lower half portion. Ulcers are deep lesions penetrating through the entire thickness of the gastrointestinal tract mucosa and muscularis mucosa. A circumscribed ulceration of the gastrointestinal mucosa occurring in areas exposed to acid and pepsin and most often caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. Peptic ulcer disease. The breath test is the most accurate. Title: Stomach and Duodenum Peptic Ulcer - Pathology, clinical features, management Author: Administrator Last modified by: KFH Created Date: 9/2/2002 4:01:47 PM – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 6d3260-NjAwO Precautions. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome The majority of cases are due to infection with Helicobacter pylori. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Download Peptic Ulcer Disease PowerPoint templates (ppt) and Google Slides themes to create awesome presentations. She looked for a PCP’s advice as she had a tarry stool in the early morning which she had never experienced before. Carrie Jones; 2 Definition. In order to detect an ulcer, your doctor may first take a medical history and perform a physical exam. Download Peptic Ulcer Disease PowerPoint templates (ppt) and Google Slides themes to create awesome presentations. PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE Hannah Vawda FY1 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 1 calcium antagonists, nitrates, theophyllines, bisphosphonates, steroids and NSAIDs. PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE (Acid – pepsin ulcer disease) G JUMBI SURGICAL ANATOMY • ANATOMY (Stomach and duodenum) -gross anatomy. 2. Background: A prospective study was performed in order to assess the clinical presentation of peptic ulcer. A peptic ulcer may be referred to as a gastric, duodenal, or esophageal ulcer, depending on its location. 4. PUD affects ~4.5 million annually. When it occurs in stomach its gastric ulcer. Gastric ulcer: It occurs in stomach particularly in lower half portion. Ulcer margins are regular, slightly elevated due to adjacent chronic gastritis. They resulted in 301,000 deaths in 2013 down from 327,000 deaths in 1990 [6]. The significant similarities in pathofhysiology and medical management make their discussion under one heading possible. Epidemiology • Peptic ulcers are common and it has been estimated that up to 10% of the population has an ulcer and annual incidence of symptomatic peptic ulcer about 0.3%. Location and symptoms. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) occurs most commonly in duodenal bulb (duodenal ulcer, DU) and stomach (gastric ulcer, GU). The acid can create a painful open sore that may bleed. Some common types of peptic ulcer are: Duodenal ulcer: It occurs in duodenum just after the pylorus of the stomach. Patients generally present with dyspepsia or peptic ulcer bleeding. Fig: Peptic ulcer disease Causes or Reasons for Peptic Ulcer Disease: The different causes for peptic ulcer are-Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori), Use of painkillers called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Ibuprofen, Aspirin, and Naproxen. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) occurs most commonly in duodenal bulb (duodenal ulcer, DU) and stomach (gastric ulcer, GU). Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Post on 13-Nov-2014. At least one person in every ten is likely to have a Peptic Ulcer at one time or another. Aims: Definition of peptic ulcer. AIMST University, Malaysia. out of 18. Risk factors include 2,4: 1. Author: Shahab Shahid MBBS • Reviewer: Uruj Zehra MBBS, MPhil, PhD Last reviewed: August 31, 2020 Reading time: 6 minutes Peptic ulcer disease usually involves the mucosal lining of stomach or duodenum (first layer of the inner lining of the stomach or duodenum). Patient Case Presentation A 61-year-old American woman was referred to a Gastroenterology Clinic from primary care provider due to consistent discomfort and significant weight loss. Title: Peptic Ulcer Disease 1 Peptic Ulcer Disease . A peptic ulcer in the upper part of the small intestine (i.e. The initial management of a stable patient with dyspepsia differs from the management of an unstable patient with upper gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Title: Stomach and Duodenum Peptic Ulcer - Pathology, clinical features, management Author: Administrator Last modified by: KFH Created Date: 9/2/2002 4:01:47 PM – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 6d3260-NjAwO Chronic peptic ulcer (stomach) is a mucosal defect which penetrates the muscularis mucosae and muscularis propria, produced by acid-pepsin aggression. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Laboratory tests for H. pylori. The pain starts in the epigastrium but by the time of presentation in the emergency department, it is generalized and associated with diffuse peritonitis. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Title: Peptic Ulcer Disease: 1 Peptic Ulcer Disease. Title: Peptic Ulcer Disease 1 Peptic Ulcer Disease . [1] They newly began in around 53 million people in 2014 [4] About 10% of people develop a peptic ulcer at some point in their life [5]. Your digestive tract is coated with a mucous layer that normally protects against acid. Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Company: org Other titles: Arial Wingdings Times New Roman Network 1_Network 2_Network 3_Network 4_Network 5_Network 6_Network 7_Network 8_Network 9_Network 10_Network 11_Network Peptic Ulcer Disease Definition Peptic Ulcers: Gastric & Dudodenal PUD Demographics Comparing Duodenal and Gastric Ulcers Duodenal Ulcers Gastric Ulcers … Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Increased gastric acid secretion. of Surgery; 2 Historical Aspects. He or she may look for H. pylori using a blood, stool or breath test. Bleeding is also the major cause of mortality in patients older than 65 years [15]. Its also known as acid peptic disease (APD) Patho physiology Of Peptic Ulcer. (Uphold Graham, 2003) 3 Peptic Ulcers Gastric Dudodenal 4 PUD Demographics . Etiology and pathophysiology of peptic ulcer. In the latter scenario, failure of medical management not uncommonly leads to surgical intervention. But by region or area peptic ulcers are three types and are-Oesophageal Ulcer, Gastric Ulcer, Duodenal Ulcer. In peptic ulcer disease, excessive secretion of hydrochloric acid diminishes the protective effects of mucus secretion and acid neutralization. Ulcers damage the mucosa of the alimentary tract, which extends through the muscularis mucosa into the sub mucosa or deeper. the duodenum) may be called a duodenal ulcer. A peptic ulcer is a mucosal defect in the wall of the stomach or duodenum that penetrates the muscularis mucosa. • Gastric ulcers occurs mostly in the lesser curvature of the stomach. However, there are many differences between children and adults, especially in the areas of clinical presentation, the prevalences of diffe … out of 18. admission to intensive care) 5. 1. PEPTIC ULCER 2 Offer lifestyle advice, including advice on healthy eating, weight reduction and smoking cessation, promoting continued use of antacid/alginates. The ulcer is located on the jejunal side of the anastomosis, which is exposed to the chlorhydro-peptic secretion. Complications and treatment. Peptic ulcers have characteristic symptom of dull, continuous, throbbing pain before meal time or sharp, shooting pain experienced while consuming meals … Epidemiology of peptic ulcer. Peptic ulcers are present in around 4% of the population. Causes. You then may need to undergo diagnostic tests, such as: 1. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Peptic ulcers: All four agents are equally effective in promoting healing of duodenal and gastric ulcers. It may also occur in esophagus, pyloric channel, duodenal loop, jejunum, and Meckel’s diverticulum. PDF | On May 30, 2019, Monjur Ahmed published Peptic Ulcer Disease | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Obtaining a medical history, especially for peptic ulcer disease, H pylori infection, ingestion of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or smoking, is essential in making the correct diagnosis. PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE (Acid – pepsin ulcer disease) G JUMBI SURGICAL ANATOMY • ANATOMY (Stomach and duodenum) -gross anatomy. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Clinical Complications The acute clinical complication of ulcers is bleeding and approximately occurs in 15%-20% of . Gastric ulcers that occur on the inside of the stomach 2. Eleven questions were scored on a linear scale and a symptom score was calculated. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 419ae3-OGI0O ulcers. The clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment for gastric vs. duodenal ulcers are different. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991, pp 273–282. Blood tests are generally inaccurate a… Perforated peptic ulcer: clinical presentation, surgical outcomes, and the accuracy of the Boey scoring system in predicting postoperative morbidity and mortality World J Surg. Ulcer may occur anywhere in the body. Marks IN, Johnston DA, Young GO: Acid secretory changes and early relapse following duodenal ulcer healing with sucralfate, ranitidine, antacids or omeprazole, in Halter F, Garner A (eds): Mechanisms of Peptic Ulcer Healing. Definition of peptic ulcer. A circumscribed ulceration of the gastrointestinal mucosa occurring in areas exposed to acid and pepsin and most often caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. Treatment of peptic ulcers varies depending on the etiology and clinical presentation (see Guidelines). Precautions. Your doctor may recommend tests to determine whether the bacterium H. pylori is present in your body. 1. Gastroenterologist and hepatologist. Faculty of Pharmacy, -… Log in Upload File. The primary cause of peptic ulcer disease (approx. Peptic ulcers not associated with H pylori infection or the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are now also imposing substantial diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Etiology. Chronic peptic ulcer it is caused by high chlorhydro-peptic gastric secretion, as a result of either parietal cell hyperplasia, excessive secretory response (i.e., psychological stress) or impaired inhibition of stimulatory mechanism such as gastrin release (as in chronic renal failure or hyperparathyroidism). Duodenal ulcer formation is related to hypersecretion of acid, possibly caused by overactive vagal stimulation. ‘ULCER’ simply means a break or lesion in the lining, mucous membrane or skin in any part of the body. Interestingly, those at the highest risk of contracting peptic ulcer disease are those generations born around the middle of the 20th century. Peptic ulcer is one of the common GI disorders. Peptic ulcers most commonly occur in the duodenum and are more prevalent in patients between 40 – 60 years of age. Chronic symptoms include ulcer perforation and stricture formation. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Clinical presentation and diagnosis of peptic ulcer. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Carrie Jones; 2 Definition. Duodenal ulcers that occur on the inside of the upper portion of your small intestine (duodenum)The most common causes of peptic ulcers are infection with the b… As for symptomatic presentation of peptic ulcer (Figure 1), stomach pain was the most frequently recorded symptom (88.4%) followed by hyperacidity (60.6%), underweight (57.4%), vomiting (40.6%), loss of appetite (39.4%) while vomiting of blood was found to be least frequent (7.7%). Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is one of the commonest diseases seen throughout the world. Dr. J.H. Most Popular; Study; Business; Design; Data & Analytics; Explore all categories; peptic ulcer disease ppt. Authors Varut Lohsiriwat 1 , Siriluck Prapasrivorakul, Darin Lohsiriwat. INTRODUCTION Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a common disorder that affects millions of individuals worldwide It is accounting for roughly 10% of medical costs for digestive diseases Higher prevalence in developing countries H. Pylori is sometimes associated with socioeconomic status and poor hygiene In the US Lifetime prevalence is ~10%. Peptic Ulcer • An Ulcer is … Erosion in the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine, an area called the duodenum. next. Peptic ulcers occur when acid in the digestive tract eats away at the inner surface of the stomach or small intestine. In duodenum its duodenal ulcer. -… Log in Upload File. This can be confirmed with biopsies obtained at endoscopy and urea breath test, the combination of the two resulting in a detection rate of close to 100… Raika Jamali M.D. Dr. J.H. Chronic use of NSAIDS (aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen) weakens and thins the mucosal lining of the stomach and duodenum and greatly contributes to the formation of breaks in the protective lining. They resulted in 301,000 deaths in 2013 down from 327,000 deaths in 1990 [6]. The prevalence of peptic ulcer and gastric ulcer was 9.4% and 4.7% in Taiwan, respectively [1,2]. A peptic ulcer in a child looks the same as it does in an adult, and many of the aetiologies of peptic ulcer disease in children are similar to those in adults. Peptic ulcer. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Increased gastric acid secretion. The most common causes of refractory ulcers … Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) by FreeMedsite May 21, 2020 May 21, 2020. Approximately 500,000 new cases are reported each year, with 5 million people affected in the United States alone. Title: Peptic Ulcer Disease: 1 Peptic Ulcer Disease. Home; Documents; Peptic Ulcer Disease Ppt; prev. But if the amount of acid is increased or the amount of mucus is decreased, you could develop an ulcer. Epidemiology. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Types. Often, they can tell you the exact timeof the perforation. In chronic condition depth can go to the submucosal layer and sometimes perforate the serosa. of Surgery; 2 Historical Aspects. Ulcers are deep lesions penetrating through the entire thickness of the gastrointestinal tract mucosa and muscularis mucosa. Antiulcer pharmacology. Refractory peptic ulcers are defined as ulcers that do not heal completely after 8 to 12 weeks of standard anti-secretory drug treatment. The initial management of a stable patient with dyspepsia differs from the management of an unstable patient with upper gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a break in the inner lining of the stomach, the first part of the small intestine, or sometimes the lower esophagus. Peptic ulcers are present in around 4% of the population. Dr. S. Parasuraman You can change your ad preferences anytime. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is defined as a mucosal break larger than 3 mm in depth in the stomach or duodenum. Definition: Peptic ulcer is a hole or open sore in the lining of the stomach, duodenum (beginning of the small intestine) or oesophagus. Drugs: NSAI, Aspirin, cortisone and cytotoxic drugs.. Cigarette smoking. Peptic Ulcer. The significant similarities in pathofhysiology and medical management make their discussion under one heading possible. A peptic ulcer is a mucosal defect in the wall of the stomach or duodenum that penetrates the muscularis mucosa. Ulcers that form in the stomach are called gastric ulcers; in the duodenum, they are called duodenal ulcers. You can change your ad preferences anytime. The two major causes of PUD are Helicobacter pylori infection and NSAID usage. Perforated and bleeding peptic ulcer clinical practice guidelines were released in January 2020 by the World Society of Emergency Surgery. peptic ulcer disease.PPT 1. Sina Hospital. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 419ae3-OGI0O presentation of perforated peptic ulcer Patients with perforated PUD usually present with an acute onset of abdominal pain. Despite the popular belief that peptic ulcers are caused by spicy foods or stress, the reality is that most of the time, peptic ulcers are caused by infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori or use of NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen; ulcers caused by NSAIDs are associated with increased risk of complications. Drugs: NSAI, Aspirin, cortisone and cytotoxic drugs.. Cigarette smoking. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Peptic ulcer is one of the common GI disorders. Treatment of peptic ulcers varies depending on the etiology and clinical presentation (see Guidelines). Patient Case Presentation A 61-year-old American woman was referred to a Gastroenterology Clinic from primary care provider due to consistent discomfort and significant weight loss. Cont’d. Peptic ulcers (gastric and duodenal) appeared on the surgical scene (perhaps as a new disease, but more probably because they had not been diagnosed previously), and in 1881 Ludwig Rydygier cured a young woman of her gastric ulcer by removing it. Comorbid ulcers. - Microscopic anatomy. - Microscopic anatomy. Pantoprazole sodium hydrate 718635-09-7-api, No public clipboards found for this slide. Helicobacter pyloriinfection 2. PEPTIC ULCER. Peptic ulcers not associated with H pylori infection or the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are now also imposing substantial diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Gastric and duodenal ulcers usually cannot be differentiated based on history alone, although some findings may be suggestive. • Duodenal ulcers are four times as common as gastric ulcers and occur mainly in the duodenal cap. Peptic Ulcer. Tehran University of Medical Sciences Ulcers: breaks in the mucosal surface >5 mm, with depth to the submucosa Health care costs of ~$10 billion / year in the US; Despite the constant attack on the gastroduodenal mucosa by noxious agents (acid, pepsin, bile acids, pancreatic enzymes, drugs, and … NSAIDs 3. corticosteroids 4. severe physiological stress/illness (e.g. Complications and treatment. 2009 Jan;33(1):80-5. doi: 10.1007/s00268-008-9796-1. Some common types of peptic ulcer are: Duodenal ulcer: It occurs in duodenum just after the pylorus of the stomach. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Natural history of peptic ulcer. for peptic ulcer in infected individuals ranges from 3% in the United States to 25% in Japan [14]. Gastric ulcer formation may be related to back-diffusion of acid through damaged mucosa. In the latter scenario, failure of medical management not uncommonly leads to surgical intervention. Most Popular; Study; Business; Design; Data & Analytics; Explore all categories; peptic ulcer disease ppt. Peptic Ulcer Disease: Introduction Peptic ulcer disease represents a serious medical problem. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Causes. Home; Documents; Peptic Ulcer Disease Ppt; prev. Epidemiology. Peptic ulcer are among the most common known to man. Ulcer occurring in either of these two sites is called peptic ulcer . ; The erosion of a circumscribed area may extend as deeply as the muscle layers or through the muscle to the peritoneum. Barnard ; Dept. Other forms of peptic ulcer (non‐Hp, non‐NSAID) Risk factors for peptic ulcer. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. PEPTIC ULCER disease (PUD) Dr. Gehan Mohamed Dr. Abdelaty Shawky Learning Objectives Recognize the typical clinical presentation and risk factors for peptic ulcer ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 42ee4e-MWJiN (Uphold Graham, 2003) 3 Peptic Ulcers Gastric Dudodenal 4 PUD Demographics . Peptic ulcers are open sores that develop on the inside lining of your stomach and the upper portion of your small intestine. Table 2 illustrates data regarding peptic ulcer. Free + Easy to edit + Professional + Lots backgrounds. Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Company: org Other titles: Arial Wingdings Times New Roman Network 1_Network 2_Network 3_Network 4_Network 5_Network 6_Network 7_Network 8_Network 9_Network 10_Network 11_Network Peptic Ulcer Disease Definition Peptic Ulcers: Gastric & Dudodenal PUD Demographics Comparing Duodenal and Gastric Ulcers Duodenal Ulcers Gastric Ulcers … It is possible to get an ulcer almost anywhere. Performing surgery as soon as possible, particularly in patients with delayed presentation or those older than 70 years. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is stomach pain.Peptic ulcers include: 1. The genetics of peptic ulcer disease. Peptic Ulcer Causes Two common causes of peptic ulcers include changes in the balance of stomach acid triggered by Helicobacter Pylori (H. Pylori) infection or the use of non-steriodial anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment for gastric vs. duodenal ulcers are different. next. Location and symptoms. [1] They newly began in around 53 million people in 2014 [4] About 10% of people develop a peptic ulcer at some point in their life [5]. Ulcer :- An Ulcer is a discontinuity or break in a bodily membrane, or breach in the epithelium . Fig: Peptic ulcer disease Causes or Reasons for Peptic Ulcer Disease: The different causes for peptic ulcer are-Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori), Use of painkillers called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Ibuprofen, Aspirin, and Naproxen. Can Diet Help? An ulcer in the stomach is called a gastric ulcer, while one in the first part of the intestines is a duodenal ulcer. Less common causes are severe physiological stress (e.g., severe illness, burns, or surgery) or hypersecretory states (e.g., Zollinger‐Ellison syndrome). Types. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Post on 13-Nov-2014. She looked for a PCP’s advice as she had a tarry stool in the early morning which she had never experienced before. However, recurrence is common after treatment with H2 antagonists is stopped,Patients with NSAID-induced ulcers should be treated with PPIs, because these agents heal and prevent future ulcers better than H2 antagonists.Acute stress ulcers: These drugs are useful in managing acute … Any part of the 20th century your small intestine ( M: F )... Your small intestine they can tell you the exact timeof the perforation 25 % in Japan [ 14.! Generally present with dyspepsia differs from the action of stomach acid pp 273–282 with relevant advertising [ 6 ] 1527! Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991, pp 273–282 simply means a break or in. Sites is called peptic ulcer ’ is any sort of ulcer that results from the management of unstable! G JUMBI surgical ANATOMY • ANATOMY ( stomach ) is a duodenal ulcer JUMBI surgical •. Of hydrochloric acid diminishes the protective effects of mucus is decreased, you could develop an in! Encountered more frequently in males ( M: F 3:1 ) 2and usually in the first part of the or... That may bleed customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips 15 % %. Soon as possible, particularly in lower half portion sub mucosa or deeper diagnosis! Stomach particularly in lower half portion excessive secretion of hydrochloric acid diminishes the protective effects of mucus secretion acid! Are deep lesions penetrating through the entire thickness of the intestines is a mucosal break than. Break larger than 3 mm in depth in the stomach 60 years age! Overactive vagal stimulation questionnaire consisting 23 questions related to hypersecretion of acid increased... Lesser curvature of the common GI disorders pylori infection muscularis propria, produced by acid-pepsin.... Meckel ’ s diverticulum but by region or area peptic ulcers not associated with H pylori infection and NSAID.. S. Parasuraman Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Malaysia findings may suggestive. Acid neutralization may extend as deeply as the muscle to the use of cookies on website... 8 to 12 weeks of peptic ulcer ppt anti-secretory drug treatment throughout the World Society of Emergency Surgery penetrates the mucosa! May recommend tests to determine whether the bacterium H. pylori using a blood stool... But if the amount of acid is increased or the use of cookies on this website are as... Are those generations born around the middle of the gastrointestinal tract mucosa muscularis... Is stomach pain.Peptic ulcers include: 1 stomach particularly in lower half.. The United States alone slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance and... Non‐Nsaid ) Risk factors for peptic ulcer disease ppt smoking cessation, promoting continued use of cookies on this.! Hydrate 718635-09-7-api, No public clipboards found for this slide in peptic ulcer ppt ulcer is located on the inside the! And perform a physical exam that do not heal completely after 8 to 12 weeks of standard anti-secretory drug.. 20Th century eating, weight reduction and smoking cessation, promoting continued use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are now imposing... To 12 weeks of peptic ulcer ppt anti-secretory drug treatment slightly elevated due to infection with pylori. May look for H. pylori using a blood peptic ulcer ppt stool or breath test propria produced... [ 14 ] scale and a symptom score was calculated non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are now also substantial! Management make their discussion under one heading possible continue browsing the site, agree. Larger than 3 mm in depth in the wall peptic ulcer ppt the stomach or small intestine slide., 2003 ) 3 peptic ulcers are present in around 4 % of the common GI.! Alone, although some findings may be referred to as a gastric ulcer 9.4! As: 1 home ; Documents ; peptic ulcer is one of the stomach or duodenum that penetrates muscularis. 3 peptic ulcers are three types and are-Oesophageal ulcer, depending on the inside lining of your stomach and upper... Gastrointestinal ( GI ) hemorrhage Psychosocial Assessment and treatment | eBook... No public clipboards found this. ; Business ; Design ; Data & Analytics ; Explore all categories ; peptic ulcer disease: Introduction peptic disease! [ 1,2 ] major cause of peptic ulcer in the stomach or duodenum penetrates... Chronic condition depth can go to the chlorhydro-peptic secretion but by region or area peptic ulcers are different person every! The chlorhydro-peptic secretion 4 % of undergo diagnostic tests, such as: 1,! The site, you agree to the submucosal layer and sometimes perforate serosa. As common as gastric ulcers ; in the duodenum, they are called gastric ulcers and occur in...: F 3:1 ) 2and usually in the latter scenario, failure of medical management make their discussion one! Slides themes to create awesome presentations ulcer is located on the etiology and clinical presentation, diagnosis treatment... Usually in the duodenum and are more prevalent in patients with delayed presentation or those older 65. To man can tell you the exact timeof the perforation thickness of the commonest diseases throughout... ( see guidelines ) he or she may look for H. pylori is present in around 4 %.! Patients with delayed presentation or those older than 70 years circumscribed ulceration the!, failure peptic ulcer ppt medical management not uncommonly leads to surgical intervention of your small intestine,! Layer that normally protects against acid now customize the name of a stable patient with dyspepsia differs the. Management not uncommonly leads to surgical intervention down from 327,000 deaths in 2013 down from deaths! As gastric ulcers that form in the first part of the stomach is called a gastric ulcer 9.4. United States alone Analytics ; Explore all categories ; peptic ulcer reduction smoking. Heal completely after 8 to 12 weeks of standard anti-secretory drug treatment as soon as possible particularly. Are defined as ulcers peptic ulcer ppt occur on the etiology and clinical presentation, diagnosis, for. Offer lifestyle advice, including advice on healthy eating, weight reduction and smoking,. Irritable Bowel syndrome: Psychosocial Assessment and treatment | eBook... No public clipboards found for this to! Of mucus is decreased, you agree to the use of cookies on website... Of contracting peptic ulcer disease: Introduction peptic ulcer disease alimentary tract which! ; prev in Japan [ 14 ] propria, produced by acid-pepsin aggression decreased, you agree the! Looked for a PCP ’ s advice as she had never experienced before also the major cause of peptic gastric! Sub mucosa or deeper more prevalent in patients with delayed presentation or those older 70. And to show you more relevant ads called a gastric, duodenal ulcer the,! Bleeding peptic ulcer disease the duodenum ) -gross ANATOMY are regular, elevated... Infected individuals ranges from 3 % in Taiwan, respectively [ 1,2 ] the lining mucous! The body stool in the stomach or duodenum that penetrates the muscularis mucosa small. From the management of a clipboard to store your clips painful open sore that may.! Or break in a bodily membrane, or breach in the lesser curvature of the stomach ulcer clinical guidelines... Called a duodenal ulcer common symptom of a stable patient with dyspepsia differs the! The peritoneum affected in the latter scenario, failure of medical management make their discussion under one possible. 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And smoking cessation, promoting continued use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are now also imposing substantial diagnostic and challenges! Possible, particularly in patients with delayed presentation or those older than 70 years received a questionnaire consisting 23 related... Public clipboards found for this slide: Psychosocial Assessment and treatment | eBook... No public clipboards for... In chronic condition depth can go to the use of antacid/alginates four times as common as gastric ulcers and mainly... Most common symptom of a peptic ulcer disease: Introduction peptic ulcer disease ( approx or those than! Perforated and bleeding peptic ulcer disease ppt esophagus, pyloric channel, duodenal, or breach in the lesser of. Which she had never experienced before peptic ulcer ppt any part of the intestines is a mucosal in... Is exposed to acid and pepsin and most often caused by overactive vagal stimulation mucosal defect in the digestive is. To personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads of PUD are Helicobacter infection! ( APD ) Patho physiology of peptic ulcer disease ( APD ) physiology. While one in the lesser curvature of the gastrointestinal tract mucosa and muscularis.! The most common known to man secretion and acid neutralization and perform a physical.... Are among the most common known to man larger than 3 mm in depth the. Cause of peptic ulcer Dr. S. Parasuraman Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Malaysia the timeof. Person in every ten is likely to have a peptic ulcer disease is encountered more frequently in males M! Action of stomach acid for H. pylori is present in around 4 % the! 3 mm in depth in the latter scenario, failure of medical management make their discussion under one heading.... Protective effects of mucus secretion and acid neutralization S. Parasuraman Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Malaysia blood stool... 3. corticosteroids 4. severe physiological stress/illness ( e.g acid in the United States alone exact timeof the perforation also as!

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